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Cursed education , Gary Victor, Ed. Philippe Rey, back to school 2012

Carl Vausier is a teenager who grew up in Port-au-Prince in the 70s. A strict paternal education, prudish, he is plagued by sexual troubles and emotions. Unbeknownst to his father, he frequents the slums and his prostitutes, and at the same time, still unbeknownst to the father, he hangs around in his reserved den – that of the father -, his library. Prostitutes tell him about the lives of their ancestors; he also maintains a letter-writing relationship with a young girl, Coeur Qui Saigne (signs him Furet), but their first interview is a fiasco. Coeur Qui Saigne haunts him, and will return in his life in the following years.

Very unusual novel in form. There is this man who recounts his adolescence, his youth, and then this difficult relationship with Coeur Qui Saigne and more generally, life in Haiti in the 1970s, the difficulty of living in this extremely poor country, under a fierce dictatorship. Carl Vausier is unlucky, first he is not well in his teenage skin, then he acts in spite of parental good sense at the risk of putting himself against father and mother, and finally, he does not can not say or do what he wants at the risk of finding himself imprisoned or worse by the uncle Macoute. We are always between an autobiographical novel (according to the publisher), an initiatory novel, a romance of mad love and the author’s book of reflections, but also between dream and reality, two concepts that Gary Victor very often addresses:

“I continue to believe that what is dream is confused with the past. The present itself is only a barely palpable uncertain space, already evaporated when we have not even taken advantage of what it offers. Man has only his memories and the dream is the frame which amplifies the perspectives, gives more luminosity to the memory. The dream especially belongs only to the dreamer. While we are not the owners of our memories, because they were often built with others than us, by others than us, who may have different opinions and feelings on our reminiscences. “(p.128) I really like the idea he talks about that our dreams are personal but not our memories, sometimes even the two can get confused. Have you ever wondered if what you thought to be a memory is not a recurring dream, which would have entered you as a lived event? Another quote on a similar theme: “  Floating between the real and the imaginary puts us in a state of permanent doubt and questioning. “ (P.232) Writing Gary Victor incentive to spend real to the imaginary, from dream to reality. It is simple, direct, beautiful and at the same time poetic. I had already noticed her in her superb novel Le sang et la mer (at the time I very willingly encouraged to read it, advice – which you should follow, have I already disappointed you – – which I can only repeat)

But Gary Victor is not content to just reflect on these themes, he also talks about his country. His country sold to dictators, to his bullies who represent the dark side of men (a bit like the portrait of Dorian Gray hid that of his model): “The Eternal President, who is said to be as wicked, as inhuman – remember- you that he had shot without blinking nineteen officers – is only the mirror that reflects stupidity, violence, contempt for the human person that we cultivate so much in our society. It is the epitome of what, unfortunately, we are, our true being, our pure product. “ (P.67)

It is difficult to live there serenely, either because of poverty, or because of one’s opinions or both at the same time. Carl is a writer, journalist and cannot write everything, he must constantly cope with his editor-in-chief – the censor – and the authorities. Despite everything, he stays there, unlike many who emigrate to live better.

And then Gary Victor also talks about love. Crazy love. Of passionate, fusion love. Of physical love also, certain passages without being coarse are very explicit. Difficulty finding the fantasized partner (s).

Finally, all this to tell you how excellent this book is, many sentences echoed in me, reminded me of some not very easy passages from my adolescence (rest assured, mom, I did not go downstairs) Nantes neighborhoods to see prostitutes, or have lived in a slum!). Like what, even if the living conditions are absolutely incomparable, the torments of the body and the spirit are universal.

While the digital revolution is shaking up traditional pedagogy, start-ups hope to surf the promising e-education market to oust traditional textbook publishers, but have not yet found the miracle economic model to win the day .

No need for teachers or classrooms, a mobile application is now enough to review your lessons. Inspired by the success of foreign pioneers such as the American Khan Academy, which has exploited the ergonomics of digital tablets to revolutionize the learning of mathematics, dozens of French start-ups are competing for innovations to meet this growing demand for new educational content. 

We wanted to break away from the traditional teaching method: + I teach the lesson and then I do the exercises to validate the skill +. It may have worked at the time of Jules Ferry but it is no longer at all suitable for the Google generation “, explains to AFP Jérôme Serre, co-founder of EduPad, who rather focuses on short videos or the mechanics of video games to better” capture the attention of the child “. 

And the formula works. With its catalog of 160 iTooch apps for students from primary to middle school and sold at 4.99 euros, Edupad recorded growth of 50%, mainly thanks to the United States where it achieved 70% of its turnover estimated at 500,000 euros. 

A time baffled by the emergence of ” pure-players “, traditional players such as textbook publishers, have set up research and development cells dedicated to digital like Editis (Nathan, Bordas) for do not let this promising segment be monopolized by the young internet shoots.